Simone spent 5 years traveling
to over 80 countries as Senior Photographer
and Photography Teacher on Princess Cruises
Each volume covers 3 exotic locations:
lisbon ~ portugal
Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the oldest city in Western Europe,
predating other modern European capitals such as London, Paris and Rome by hundreds of years.
Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia, adding to the name
Olissipo. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th
century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since then it
has been a major political, economic and cultural centre of Portugal. Unlike most capital cities,
Lisbon's status as the capital of Portugal has never been granted or confirmed officially –
by statute or in written form. Its position as the capital has formed through constitutional
convention, making its position as de facto capital a part of the Constitution of Portugal.
tallinn ~ estonia
Tallinn is the oldest capital city in Northern Europe. The city was known as Reval from the 13th century until
1917 and again during the Nazi invasion of Estonia from 1941 to 1944. As an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia,
it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and the Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the
beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population. Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia
started in 1219. In August 1991 an independent democratic Estonian state was re-established and a period of quick development to a modern
European capital ensued. Tallinn became the capital of a de facto independent country once again on 20 August 1991.
helsinki ~ finland
Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of
Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval (today known as Tallinn). Little came
of the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny town plagued by poverty, wars, and diseases. The plague of 1710 killed the greater part of
the inhabitants of Helsinki. The construction of the naval fortress Sveaborg (In Finnish Viapori, today also Suomenlinna)
in the 18th century helped improve Helsinki's status, but it was
not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that the town
began to develop into a substantial city. During the war, Russians besieged the Sveaborg fortress and about one quarter of the town was
destroyed in an 1808 fire.
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